Overview of Artifacts
Byrd Hammock contains multiple types of prehistoric artifacts, including ceramics, lithics, exotic items, fauna, and shell. Since Byrd Hammock is a double ring midden site dating to two separate cultural groups, each midden contains a unique assortment of artifacts hinting at the types of activities people participated in when the site was occupied. A variety of artifacts collected during AAP’s investigation is displayed here, take a look and think what each item could have been created and or used for. It is important to note that identification of ceramics follows Gordon Willey’s “Archaeology of the Florida Gulf Coast”, a guide for identifying ceramics from the Woodland period in Florida.
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Knight, Vernon James, Jr., H. Edwin Jackson, Susan L. Scott
2010 Mound Excavations at Moundville: Architecture, Elites, and Social Order. The University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa, Alabama.
Kohler, Timothy A.
1978 The Social and Chronological Dimensions of Village Occupation at a North Florida Weeden Island Period Site. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Florida, Gainesville.
Milanich, Jerald T.
1994 Archaeology of Precolumbian Florida. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.
Pluckhahn, Thomas J. and Ann S. Cordell
2011 Paste Characterization of Weeden Island Pottery from Kolomoki and its Implications for Specialized Production. Southeastern Archaeology 30(2): 288-310.
Russo, Michael, Margo Schwadron, and Emily M. Yates
2009 Mounds and Rings at Hare Hammock: Tyndall Air Force Base. Southeast Archeological Center. Submitted to Tyndall Air Force Base, Pensacola.
Russo, Michael, Craig Dengel, Jeffrey Shanks, and Thadra Stanton
2011 Baker’s and Strange’s Mounds and Middens: Woodland Occupations on Tyndall Air Force Base. Southeast Archeological Center. Submitted to Tyndall Air Force Base, Pensacola.
Russo, Michael, Craig Dengel, Jeffrey Shanks
2014a Northwest Florida Woodland Mounds and Middens: The Sacred and Not So Secular. In New Histories of Pre-Columbian Florida, edited by Neill J. Wallis and Asa R. Randall, pp. 121–142, University Press of Florida, Gainesville.
Willey, Gordon R.
1949 Archeology of the Florida Gulf Coast. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections Vol. 113. Washington D. C.